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Using TMKMS

The Tendermint Key Management System (or TMKMS) should be used by any validator currently or intending to be in the active validator set. This application mitigates the risk of double-signing and provides high-availability to validator keys while keeping these keys on a separate physical host. While TMKMS can be used on the same machine as the validator, it is recommended to be on a separate host.

Prepare TMKMS Dependencies

Start by opening the node you intend to run TMKMS (not the node you validate on) and install the following dependencies:

Rust

curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://sh.rustup.rs | sh
source $HOME/.cargo/env

GCC ::::: tabs :options="{ useUrlFragment: false }" :::: tab Ubuntu

sudo apt update
sudo apt install git build-essential ufw curl jq snapd --yes

:::: :::: tab Mac

brew install gcc

:::: :::::

Libusb

::::: tabs :options="{ useUrlFragment: false }" :::: tab Ubuntu

apt install libusb-1.0-0-dev

::::

:::: tab Mac

brew install libusb

:::: :::::

If on x86_64 architecture:

export RUSTFLAGS=-Ctarget-feature=+aes,+ssse3

Setup TMKMS

In this example, we will be compiling from the github source code using the --features=softsign flag, however you may use --features=yubihsm if you want to use a yubikey (ledger support is not working properly at the moment, and this guide will not go into using yubihsm).

cd $HOME
git clone https://github.com/iqlusioninc/tmkms.git
cd $HOME/tmkms
cargo install tmkms --features=softsign
tmkms init config
tmkms softsign keygen ./config/secrets/secret_connection_key

Now we will transfer your validator private key from your validator to your VM running TMKMS. You can do this manually or though scp. I will use scp in this example (the validator has the IP of 123.456.32.123):

scp [email protected]:~/.osmosisd/config/priv_validator_key.json ~/tmkms/config/secrets

Then, import the private validator key into tmkms:

tmkms softsign import $HOME/tmkms/config/secrets/priv_validator_key.json $HOME/tmkms/config/secrets/priv_validator_key

Please note at this point, you could delete the priv_validator_key.json from both your validator node and tmkms node and store it safely offline in case of an emergency. This newly created priv_validator_key will be what TMKMS will use to sign for your validator.

Now, modify the tmkms.toml file

nano $HOME/tmkms/config/tmkms.toml

In this example, my validator has the IP address of 123.456.32.123 and we will be using port 26659 to feed the validator key to the validator. We will also be using chain_id osmosis-1, but if you are doing this on the testnet be sure to use osmo-test-4 instead:

# Tendermint KMS configuration file

## Chain Configuration

### Cosmos Hub Network

[[chain]]
id = "osmosis-1"
key_format = { type = "bech32", account_key_prefix = "osmopub", consensus_key_prefix = "osmovalconspub" }
state_file = "/root/tmkms/config/state/priv_validator_state.json"

## Signing Provider Configuration

### Software-based Signer Configuration

[[providers.softsign]]
chain_ids = ["osmosis-1"]
key_type = "consensus"
path = "/root/tmkms/config/secrets/priv_validator_key"

## Validator Configuration

[[validator]]
chain_id = "osmosis-1"
addr = "tcp://123.456.32.123:26659"
secret_key = "/root/tmkms/config/secrets/secret_connection_key"
protocol_version = "v0.34"
reconnect = true

Now, modify your validators config.toml to use the port you selected in the tmkms.toml file:

nano $HOME/.osmosisd/config/config.toml
priv_validator_laddr = "tcp://0.0.0.0:26659"

It is also recommended to comment out the priv_validator_key_file line and the priv_validator_state_file line:

# Path to the JSON file containing the private key to use as a validator in the consensus protocol
# priv_validator_key_file = "config/priv_validator_key.json"

# Path to the JSON file containing the last sign state of a validator
# priv_validator_state_file = "data/priv_validator_state.json"

Next, stop the validator. Move back to your VM running TMKMS and start it:

tmkms start -c $HOME/tmkms/config/tmkms.toml

You will see error logs like the following:

2022-03-08T23:42:37.926816Z  INFO tmkms::commands::start: tmkms 0.11.0 starting up...
2022-03-08T23:42:37.926968Z INFO tmkms::keyring: [keyring:softsign] added consensus Ed25519 key: osmovalconspub1zcjduepq2qfkp3ahrhaafzuqglme9mares0eluj58xr6cy7c37cdmzq0eecqk0yehr
2022-03-08T23:42:37.927216Z INFO tmkms::connection::tcp: KMS node ID: 948f8fee83f7715f99b8b8a53d746ef00e7b0d9e
2022-03-08T23:42:37.929454Z ERROR tmkms::client: [[email protected]://123.456.32.123:26659] I/O error: Connection refused (os error 111)
2022-03-08T23:42:38.929746Z INFO tmkms::connection::tcp: KMS node ID: 948f8fee83f7715f99b8b8a53d746ef00e7b0d9e
2022-03-08T23:42:38.931428Z ERROR tmkms::client: [[email protected]://123.456.32.123:26659] I/O error: Connection refused (os error 111)
2022-03-08T23:42:39.931729Z INFO tmkms::connection::tcp: KMS node ID: 948f8fee83f7715f99b8b8a53d746ef00e7b0d9e
2022-03-08T23:42:39.932417Z ERROR tmkms::client: [[email protected]://123.456.32.123:26659] I/O error: Connection refused (os error 111)
2022-03-08T23:42:40.932732Z INFO tmkms::connection::tcp: KMS node ID: 948f8fee83f7715f99b8b8a53d746ef00e7b0d9e
2022-03-08T23:42:40.933425Z ERROR tmkms::client: [[email protected]://123.456.32.123:26659] I/O error: Connection refused (os error 111)

Now, start your osmosis validator on the validator node:

osmosisd start

Your TMKMS node will now show logs like the following:

2022-03-08T23:46:06.208451Z  INFO tmkms::connection::tcp: KMS node ID: 948f8fee83f7715f99b8b8a53d746ef00e7b0d9e
2022-03-08T23:46:06.210568Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] connected to validator successfully
2022-03-08T23:46:06.210604Z WARN tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659]: unverified validator peer ID! (ba44dd36899602e255b04e3608e5ef0fe4bc5f5b)
2022-03-08T23:46:15.929787Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] signed PreCommit:<nil> at h/r/s 3399910/0/2 (0 ms)
2022-03-08T23:46:17.344579Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] signed PreCommit:<nil> at h/r/s 3399911/0/2 (0 ms)
2022-03-08T23:46:22.367627Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] signed PreCommit:<nil> at h/r/s 3399912/0/2 (0 ms)
2022-03-08T23:46:27.409777Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] signed PreCommit:<nil> at h/r/s 3399913/0/2 (0 ms)
2022-03-08T23:46:32.442300Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] signed PreCommit:<nil> at h/r/s 3399914/0/2 (0 ms)
2022-03-08T23:46:37.452162Z INFO tmkms::session: [[email protected]://164.92.136.160:26659] signed PreCommit:<nil> at h/r/s 3399915/0/2 (0 ms)

You should now be signing blocks! If you cancel the TMKMS process, you will no longer sign blocks and will stop syncing. If you restart the TMKMS process, your validator node will continue to sync from where it left off.

Final Notes

Please note that this is a bare minimum setup. More robust settings such as setting up a firewall to only allow your TMKMS node to get through the priv_validator_laddr port would make your validator even more secure.